Columba, St.

Columba, St.
(c. 521-c. 597)
   An Irish monk and missionary, Columba was an important force in the evangelization of the Picts in Scotland and the Angles in northern England. He may also have had followers from among the southern Anglo-Saxons, and thus have introduced Christianity to them before the arrival of St. Augustine of Canterbury. Bede notes that Columba was "distinguished by his monastic habit and life," and that "whatever type of man he may have been, we know for certain that he left successors distinguished for their purity of life, their love of God, and their loyalty to the monastic rule" (147).
   Columba was an Irish monk born in circa 521 to the Ui Neill line, one of the most powerful ruling families in Ireland. He was raised fully in the Irish Celtic Christian tradition, which emphasized the role of the monastery and its abbot in the institutional structure and religious life of the church. He was also influenced by the missionary tradition, as was his younger contemporary St. Columban, and undertook a pilgrimage to spread the faith. In Ireland, he founded a monastery at Durrow or, as Bede notes, Dearmach, or Field of Oaks. He is best known, however, for his missionary activity in Scotland, where he converted the Picts to Celtic Christianity. He left Ireland with several companions in 563 and converted the people by his personal example of sanctity, his preaching, and his performance of numerous miracles. As thanks for his good work, Columba was granted the island of Iona, where he founded a monastery that was known for its piety and learning. It was the royal Scottish monastery and may have been the site of the Northumbrian king Oswald's conversion. At the very least, Oswald sought aid from Iona to reform the monasteries in Northumbria. The community at Iona was organized according to the Celtic, rather than the Roman Christian, model in which the abbot was the leading figure and all, including the bishop, were subject to his authority. And although he notes that Columba erred on the matter of Easter and other things, Bede clearly honored the piety and memory of St. Columba.
   See also
 ♦ Adomnan. Adomnan's Life of Columba. Ed. and trans. Alan O. Anderson and Marjorie O. Anderson. London: T. Nelson, 1961.
 ♦ Bede. Ecclesiastical History of the English People with Bede's Letter to Egbert and Cuthbert's Letter on the Death of Bede. Trans. Leo Sherley-Price. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1991.
 ♦ Blair, Peter Hunter. The World of Bede. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.
 ♦ Laistner, Max L. W. Thought and Letters in Western Europe, a.d. 500 to 900. 2d ed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1976.
 ♦ Lawrence, C. H. Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 2d ed. London: Longman, 1989.
 ♦ Stenton, Frank M. Anglo-Saxon England. 3d ed. Oxford: Clarendon, 1971.

Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe. 2014.

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  • Columba — bezeichnet: ein Sternbild des südlichen Sternenhimmels, siehe Taube (Sternbild) in der Antike die Insel Mallorca eine Gattung der Tauben, siehe Feldtauben zwei irische Mönche, siehe Kolumban Heilige, Columba von Cornwall Columba von Schottland… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • columbă — COLÚMBĂ, columbe, s.f. (înv.) Porumbiţă. – Din lat. columba. Trimis de hai, 07.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  COLÚMBĂ s. v. porumbiţă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  colúmbă s. f., g. d. art …   Dicționar Român

  • Columba — Co*lum ba, n. (Med.) See {Calumba}. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Columba — (lat.), 1) Taube; 2) taubenförmiges Gefäß zu Aufbewahrung der Büchse mit der Wegzehrung für die Kranken; vgl. Ciborium 3) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Columba [1] — Columba, Sternbild, s. Taube …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Columba [2] — Columba (lat.), Taube; Columbae, Ordnung der Vögel, s. Taubenvögel; Columbidae, Tauben, Familie der Taubenvögel …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Columba [3] — Columba, der Apostel Schottlands, geb. 520 zu Donegal in Irland, gest. 597, ging 563 mit zwölf Genossen nach Schottland, das er von der Hebrideninsel Hie (Jo, Jona) aus christianisierte und mit Klöstern versorgte. Sein Leben beschrieb Adamnanus,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Columba — Columba, Columbĭdae, s. Tauben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Columba [2] — Columba, Apostel Schottlands, geb. 521 zu Gartan in Irland, gründete 565 auf der Hebrideninsel Jona ein Kloster und bekehrte die nördl. Pikten; gest. 9. Juni 597, Heiliger. – Biogr. von Adamnan (hg. von Fowler, 1894) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Columba — (Taube), eigentlich Crimthan, Name des Apostels Schottlands, der um 520 in Irland geb. wurde, schon 546 ein Kloster in Tirconel gründete, woraus die Stadt Londonderry erwuchs, seit 565 die nördl. Picten bekehrte und vom Kloster der hebridischen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Columba — Columba, san …   Enciclopedia Universal

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